Normalize Cycling

About This Site

For a whole raft of reasons, Britain would be a far better place to live were cycling normal for trips a bit too far to walk, but hardly worth a car journey.  In addition, Britain has great potential for cycle tourism. is my contribution to help make cycling normal.

(Photo by Victor Kern/Unsplash)

During the last twenty years, I (Malcolm Wardlaw) have contributed to cycling policy and knowledge at international, national and regional levels. My original research on risk in cycling has been published in peer-reviewed journals, notably the British Medical JournalPLOS One and the Journal of Transport and Health.  I am a peer reviewer for the British Medical Journal, the Journal of Transport and Health, and Transportation Research Part B. During participation in the scientific collaboration COST TU1101 “Towards safer bicycling through optimization of bicycle helmets and usage”, I contributed several presentations, including one at the International Cycling Safety Conference in Helmond, Netherlands, in 2013. I am a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Transport and Health and of the Executive Committee of the Transport and Health Study Group. I contributed to the ebook “Health on the Move 2”. I published a commentary on cycling infrastructure “History, risk, infrastructure: Perspectives on bicycling in the Netherlands and the UK”, which examines the different evolutions of cycling in UK and NL during the post-war period. Most of the copyrights for published papers are mine, and so  I am able to present them in full on this site.

If you want to know more about why I became so interested in cycling development, this is explained here.

The Purpose of

Bold national cycling targets have been set for the UK. The Department for Transport  “wants to make cycling and walking the natural choices for shorter journeys, or as part of a longer journey“. The goal of the Cycling Action Plan for Scotland (CAPS) is: “By 2020, 10% of all journeys taken in Scotland will be by bike.”

(Photo by Picography/Pixabay)

Despite this, very little has changed. If anything, the situation actually appears to be getting worse, for reasons I suggest here (page to be written). The big revolution has yet to happen: cycling is still not common outside of a few traditional hot spots. That said, there are oases of success that demonstrate what can happen if the will is there: central London, Edinburgh, Bristol, and others. We know what needs to be done. The challenges lie in how to make it happen, consistently.

Exemplars such as Copenhagen show that the dramatic collapse of cycling after the Second World War with the rise of mass motorization can be at least partially reversed given sustained effort:

Commuters on bicycles in Copenhagen (source).


There is no intrinsic reason why this could not be the norm in British cities – it rains in Denmark too!

I intend to be a handy reference for policy-makers, planners, and cycling organisations, in particular for information on factors affecting risk in cycling.

The site will be growing, so keep coming back. In time I will be adding blog postings as well.


This website is copyright of Malcolm Wardlaw © 2019 (note exceptions below for some images). All rights reserved.

The images on this site are either my own, or else have been sourced in good faith from online libraries.

And Finally…

Great Britain and the United Kingdom refer to different geographic areas. There is an increasing tendency for England and Wales to have separate information sources from Scotland. Just to complicate matters, the UK government reports road casualties for Great Britain, and the National Travel Survey now includes data only for England and Wales. The equivalent for Scotland is the Scottish Households Survey.

This mish-mash makes it impossible to consistently relate data to the UK, GB, England and Wales, or Scotland. The geographic basis of data is made clear in all cases.

“Britain” and “British” are used in a general way to avoid pedantry.